10 interesting truths about surfboards

Surfing is a thrilling sport requiring skill, balance, and equipment. One of the essential pieces of equipment for any surfer is a surfboard. However, with so many different types, shapes, and sizes of surfboards available on the market, it can take time to determine which is best suited for your needs.

This article will explore five fundamental surfboard truths that every surfer should know. Whether you’re a seasoned pro or a beginner just starting, understanding these truths will help you make more informed decisions about choosing and using your surfboard. So, let’s dive in and learn more about the crucial aspects of surfboards that every surfer should be aware of.

Surfboards come in different shapes and sizes

Surfboards are designed to perform in specific conditions, so choosing the right board for the waves you’ll be riding is essential. Shortboards, for example, are typically between 5’6″ and 7’0″ long and are designed for fast, high-performance surfing in small to medium-sized waves. Conversely, longboards generally are 8’0″ or longer and are better suited for slower, more relaxed surfing in small to medium-sized waves.

Other shapes, such as fish and funboards, fall somewhere between shortboards and longboards and are versatile enough to handle various conditions. Fish boards, for example, are typically shorter and wider than shortboards, making them great for smaller, mushier waves. Funboards, typically longer and wider than fish boards, are an excellent choice for beginners or intermediate surfers who want a board that’s easy to paddle and catch waves on.

The material of the surfboard affects its performance

Surfboards are typically made of either foam or fiberglass. Foam boards, also known as soft-top boards, are typically less expensive and more forgiving than fiberglass boards. They’re also more buoyant and easier to paddle, making them great for beginners. However, they’re less durable than fiberglass boards and can be prone to damage.

Fiberglass boards, on the other hand, are more rigid and durable than foam boards. They’re also typically lighter and more responsive, ideal for experienced surfers who want to push their limits. However, they’re also more expensive and require more maintenance than foam boards.

The fin setup of a surfboard can affect its maneuverability

The fin setup of a surfboard refers to the number and placement of fins on the board. A single-fin setup is excellent for straight-line surfing and stability, while a tri-fin or quad-fin setup provides more maneuverability and better performance in more giant waves. The placement of the fins can also impact the board’s stability and turning ability.

For example, a thruster setup (three fins) with the center fin set further back can provide more control and stability, while moving the center fin further forward can offer more maneuverability. Swapping out different fins can also significantly change the feel and performance of the board.

Surfboard volume is essential for floatation and paddling

Surfboard volume is the amount of space inside the board and is usually measured in liters. It plays a crucial role in floatation and paddling. A board with a higher volume will float better and be easier to paddle, while a board with a lower volume will be more maneuverable and better for high-performance surfing.

Choosing the right volume for your skill level, weight, and the conditions, you’ll be surfing in is essential. A general rule of thumb is to choose a board with a volume roughly equal to your weight in kilograms. However, the best way to determine the correct volume is to try different boards and see what works best.

Proper care and maintenance can extend the life of a surfboard

Surfboards can be a significant investment, so taking care of them properly is essential to ensure they last as long as possible. Regularly rinsing off saltwater, storing the board in a cool, dry place, and repairing any dings or damage promptly can all help to extend the life of a surfboard. It’s also a good idea to avoid exposing your board to extreme heat or cold and to use a board bag or cover when transporting it.

The rocker is an essential aspect of a surfboard’s design

Rocker refers to the curve of the board from nose to tail. A board with more rocker will have a steeper curve and be better suited for steep, fast waves. In addition, the curve allows the board to pivot and turn more easily. On the other hand, a board with less rocker will have a flatter curve and be better suited for slower waves. The flatter curve allows the board to generate more speed and maintain momentum.

Tail shape affects a surfboard’s performance

The tail shape of a surfboard can significantly impact its performance. Rounded tails, also known as round tails, provide more surface area, which helps the board float better and generate speed. These tails are better suited for smaller, weaker waves. Square tails offer more stability and control, making them ideal for larger, more powerful waves. Pintails, which are narrow and pointed, provide more hold and control and are great for big, steep waves.

The volume distribution is essential for a surfboard’s balance and performance

The distribution of volume throughout a surfboard can affect its balance and performance. Boards with more volume in the nose are more stable and easier to paddle, making them better for catching waves. Boards with more volume in the tail are more maneuverable and better for high-performance surfing.

The balance of volume throughout the board is essential for it to perform at its best. For example, a board that’s too nose-heavy will be difficult to turn and may nose-dive, while a board that’s too tail-heavy will be difficult to control and slide out.

The right leash is essential for safety and performance

A leash is an essential safety accessory that connects you to your board. Choosing the right length and thickness for your board and the conditions you’ll be surfing in is essential. For example, a thicker leash is better for bigger waves because it’s less likely to snap, while a thinner leash is better for smaller waves because it’s less cumbersome. It’s also important to regularly check your leash for any signs of wear and tear, such as frayed stitching or stretched-out cord, and replace it if necessary.

The right wax can improve grip and performance

Wax is applied to the deck of a surfboard to provide grip and traction for your feet. Choosing the right wax for your board and the conditions you’ll be surfing in can significantly improve your performance. For example, a harder wax is better for warmer water because it won’t melt as easily, while a softer wax is better for colder water because it’s more pliable. It’s also important to regularly clean your board and reapply wax as needed to maintain optimal grip.


Surfboards are a critical part of the surfing experience and can significantly impact a surfer’s performance in the water. Understanding the five truths about surfboards – the different shapes and sizes available, the materials they’re made of, the importance of fin setups, the role of volume, and the significance of care and maintenance – is essential for any surfer.

Moreover, knowing the additional aspects such as rocker, tail shape, volume distribution, leash, and wax can take your surfing to the next level. By understanding these fundamental aspects of surfboards, you can make informed decisions when choosing and using the right board for your skill level and the conditions you’ll be surfing in. Ultimately, a well-chosen and well-maintained surfboard can help you get the most out of your surfing experience, and these truths will guide you toward achieving that goal.

Max Surfer


About Author

>> Professional surfer with over 10 years of experience >> Participant in numerous international competitions, including World Championships >> Experience in training and instructing beginner surfers

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